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Khankendi ::: General information ::: Population :::
  • The streets of Khankendi
  • The view of Khankendi from Shusha
  • A nature view of native Garabagh
  • The monument to World War II
  • Baku-Khankendi-Shusha road


The following analysis was prepared in February 1988 in response to biased assessment of the preconceived Armenian political scientists on the demographic situation in Upper Garabagh. Here also was used the speech in colloquium taken place in Strasbourg, France, in 1984. In this research written in extreme period mainly was focused only on the deliberately distorted issues that would pave the way to aggravate the situation in the Republic. Without analyzing the reasons for deepening of the socio-economic, demographic processes, they noted very troubled that Azerbaijan pursued the policy of Armenians’ suppression. In this case, they based on following processes, trends related to the dynamics of the Armenian population:
1.Increase of the Azerbaijanis in the total number of population of the republics of Transcaucasia.
Is observed the reduction of the Armenians;
2. The Azerbaijanis are increasing in the total number of population of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, but the Armenians are reduced;
3. Increase in the share of Azerbaijanis in the total number of population of Nagorno Garabagh;
4. The trend in increase of Azerbaijanis in the share of the national composition of the population of Baku town, but fall of the other peoples, including the Armenians is observed;
According to the data to January 1,1988, the population of Upper Garabagh was 182.4 thousand people. During the years 1926-1988, the population increased there to 57.1 thousand people or 45.6 percent. The average annual growth of the population was 0.6 percent. In addition, the rate of growth varied between the periods of population census.
Decrease in the number of the province population was observed only in 1939-1959 that was mostly for the losses in the Great Patriotic War, as well as with their move to other districts of Upper Garabagh.

YearsNumber of the
(thousand people)
Growth compared
with the previous
in per cent
Growth compared
with previous year,
in per cent
The average annual
growth during the
stated period,
in per cent

(Ziyad Samadzadeh “Upper Garabagh: The unknown truth”. B., 1995)


In the 1970-1979 years, the number of Azerbaijanis in Upper Garabagh Autonomous Region increased 4.9 percent, but the Armenians were reduced 4.6 percent. According to the census of 1979 year, in the whole, 25.9 per cent of the Armenians of the republic lived in UGAR. The Armenian political scientists put in a groundless claim for the fact that the total number of Armenians in the share of the region´s population had reduced. Nevertheless, scientific analysis allows us to come to such a conclusion that this tendency conditioned by the low level of birth. Thus, the number of children born among the Armenian population in 1959 in 1000 people was 34.4, 17.5; in 1970, and in 1979 was 17.2, and that was less than the children born in Azerbaijani families were.
The Armenian scholars and political scientists’ arguments as if the Azerbaijani population of the region had been increased on the account of the people brought from outside are groundless. If in the 1959-1979´s the population of the province did not move to other regions of the republic, in the pre-occupied period the number of Azerbaijanis would have been rather more.
According to the results of the census conducted in January 1979, almost 30% of the population of Upper Garabagh Autonomous Region was in Agdara, 25% in Khankendi and 10% in Shusha district.

(total in persons)


R a y o n l a r
(total in persons)
Azerbaijanisnəfər% nəfər%nəfər%

(the total population and the national composition in the districts of Azerbaijan SSR NGAR, the data of 1979s)


As can be seen from the table, according to the data of the 1979s, in Khankendi town lived 38948 people, of which 4303 people Azerbaijanis were, 33898 Armenians, 747 people were the Russian and other nationalities. While the data of the 1988 year coincides with the beginning of the Garabagh events, so, in the census more probably distortions are inevitable. According to the data of the period, 60 thousand people lived in Khankendi town of which 15 thousand were comprised of Azerbaijanis.