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Khankendi ::: Armenian vandalism ::: Garadaghly tragedy ::: Eyewitnesses of the tragedy :::
azen
  • The streets of Khankendi
  • The view of Khankendi from Shusha
  • A nature view of native Garabagh
  • The monument to World War II
  • Baku-Khankendi-Shusha road

Garadaghly tragedy

Eyewitnesses of the tragedy

Vidadi Huseynov, a Garadagly resident, an eyewitness of this event, taken hostage along with 118 residents of the village by Armenians and later rescued from grip of the enemy thanks to heroism by Telman Tagiyev, remembers:
“When Armenians took us as hostages, there were a group of doctors in smocks. Armenian soldiers demanded our watches, money and valuable things. They searched 15 people. They did not continue searching. Two trucks, “Ural” and “Kamaz” were there in the yard of the building of the administration of the kolkhoz. We were ordered to move towards the trucks. One Armenian officer ordered olders and women to “KAMAZ”, youngs to “Ural” covered with a tent. I helped Avtandil Nagiyev, 14, a schoolboy to get in the truck and myself got in after everybody. There was no seat to sit, so Faig pulled me to himself and I sat on his knees. Suddenly one middle aged Armenian wearing in civil came close to the truck and said: “I have to kill three turks here”. Then called Eldar with his name. As soon as Eldar Dadashov got down, he shot him from his head from pistolet. They made one person to get down from another truck and also shot him dead. After this, none answered when they called. The trucks started to move. We passed by Baylik garden, after this mulberry garden. The trucks stopped next to silos. Armenian officer approached to “Ural” which was being driven behind and ordered 10 people to get down and opened the cab. I was first to get down because I had sat in the rear. Following me, they made 10-15 young fighters get down. We knew why they made us get down. So, we opened our chest and shouted: “Shoot, you, bustards, all the same you will be revenged on! You will be expelled like dogs”! Hearing this, 10-15 Armenian soldiers and officers took their arms on their chest and got ready to fire on. I was standing at the wayside. Armenians had gathered at the left, close to the back of the truck. Brave sons, facing death, were standing right to me. The last one coming to us was Telman Tagiyev. As soon as reaching me, he suddenly turned towards Armenian and walking 3-5 m threw a grenade which he had in his hand to the midst of them. Armenians not succeeding to escape, the grenade exploded. The explosion threw me into a brook covered with bushes near to the wayside. I lost my consciousness because of the debris wounds and blast. It happened nearly 14.00-15.00 p.m. When I regained consciousness I saw that it was dark and I was in blood. By recovering consciousness I could define where I am and all what happened. In the middle of the night, I stood up and could reach the village of Abdal Gulabli of Agdam through the forests. Later I knew that surviving Armenians fired on armless people in the truck, murdering 33”.
Another eyewitness of the incident, Aslan Tagiyev, father of Telman Tagiyev, witnessed heroism of his son Telman while being taken to Khankandi, on the road and was returned after 2 months of Armenian captivity. Aslan Tagiyev remembers the incident as following:
“On February 14, Armenians surrounded and shelled our village. There were more defenders in the village at that time. Nearly 90 brave and young guys in trenches were repelling the attacks of Armenians day and night. Telman, my son, along with 15 people was fighting at the block post number 3 in direction of Gagarza. I know of their heroic fighting, because an Armenian fighter who was taking us as prisoners said:
“The guys from the block post your son was from killed 64 of us”. Telman was a military. He was very good at shooting. He was very rarely missing the target. On the 3rd day of the battle, February 16, bullets were due to run out. There were no reserve ammunition in the headquarters. Nearly at 20.00 p.m. Adalat Mammadov, commander of the battle ordered the fighters of the all block posts to be gathered in the headquarters. The defenders one by one retreated and gathered in the headquarters. Telman also came there. After this, a fierce fighting followed with Armenians got to the yard of the headquarters. The fighting lasted until morning. The defenders were shooting their last bullets. Sensing this, Armenians rushed into the yard of the headquarters. The fighting continued until 10.00 p.m. morning. There were no bullets to be shot from our side. Armenian commanders ordered from the yard in Russian and Azeri: “Get out and surrender”. I came to the spot where Telman was. He was standing in uniform with pride, his head up. I thought his being in uniform could stir-up Armenians. So, I quickly took off my leather jacket and old pants, handed them to Telman demanding to disguise. He obeyed, giving me his uniform and put on the dresses which I gave. At this moment, I saw him hiding a hand grenade in the clothes. I said, my son, if they find this on you when searching us, it will be your end. Put it aside. Telman said in a fragile voice: “No! Father, I will need this. The battle is not over yet. It is all the same, Armenians know who I am”.
Armenians from outside were repeating their demand uninterruptedly in an angry voice. Ourcommander Adalat Mammadov came back from negotiations with Armenians. After 5 minutes of consultations it was decided to get out. We were getting out one by one, dropping our weapons next to the door and standing in a row. It was again ordered to put down weapons, documents, money or valuable things. There was a big pile from money and documents. They started to search us, beginning from those standing behind. Nearly 15 people were searched but nothing was found. They stopped searching before Telman’s turn came. I was a bit quiet.
There were two trucks, “Ural” and “KAMAZ” in the yard of the headquarters. They ordered youngs to “Ural”, olders and women to sit on “KAMAZ”. I wanted Telman to get in “KAMAZ”, but Armenian officers objected. Another Turkish speaking Armenian officer approached to me, telling to handle him my jacket. I gave it to him and put on his old one. After this, he again ordered Telman to get in another truck. I again wanted to approach him to beg. But Telman said, “No, father, don`t beg him” and got in “Ural”. Everybody got in trucks. Our wounded were sprawling on the ground. None cared them.
The trucks were ordered to move. They did not drive even 100 m and were stopped by demand of the people from neighboring villages. Then one person from every truck was got down and shot dead in front of us.
The trucks started to move again. Many Armenian men and women had gathered in a place ahead called a mulberry garden. The trucks again stopped when reached them, near the silos. We were 20 m of ahead from the truck carrying youngs. We heard voices of Armenian commanders: “Get out of the trucks those, who want to die in his motherland”. At the same time, two Armenians fired on from automatic guns to the truck carrying youngs. Then some of them got out of the car. I saw Telman also got out. When down from the car, he looked at me. I did not know what he meant. Looked through the people. Suddenly ran to the place where Armenians had stood in a mob. In a glimpse of an eye, he smashed himself into the Armenians. 10 Armenians were blasted into pieces in front of our eyes. Some of them fell wounded. Telman himself died of debris wounds on the ground. Surviving Armenians shot dead 33 people as soon as regained situation. I still remember shouting of our men of courage “Long Live Azerbaijan”, “Allahu Akbar” (Allah the Great).Finally, the trucks started to move towards Khankandi. I stayed in Khankandi as a hostage for two months. Armenians killed our sons of courage in custody with tortures. 48 women, older and children were released from captivity in two months. The corpses were buried in silos at the place of killings. Later we could get out 14 corpses from there and buried them. I know their place of burial. As soon as Karabakh gets liberated, I will dig out their bones and bury them decently. Long live life. Long live our men of courage. We shall be victorious”.
Hagigat Huseynova, another witness of the events was serving as a signal officer before. Butcommunication had been cut off in the last two days and there were no hope for aid. After this, H.Huseynova taking up an automatic rifle, participated in the battles against enemy, nip and tuck with her husband. Here is Hagigat Huseynova`s story on the events:
“We assisted more than 100 men for nearly two months. We had to do much more than men. There was a day that I used tandoor 12 times to bake. It is not easy to wash so many clothes with hands. Yet, it was needed to sew their tearing and repair them. My main job was communication. Walking under fire, I was providing communication between the block posts by a portable radio transmitter and reporting out. I was begging the whole Turkish world to help us. I never gave up hoping. In the end, after five days of bloody skirmishes, the fighters’ bullets were due to run out. Every fighter had 5-6 bullets. Adalat Mammadov, a commander ordered gradually to gather in the headquarters. On evening of February 16, everybody gathered in the headquarters. Fighting until morning, we kept Armenians in distance. On February 17, in the morning, Armenians rushed in the yard of the headquarters. They demanded a delegate to negotiate. I said not to reply, there is no hope for truce. Despite this, Adalat and Alik left out for negotiations. After 10-15 minutes, Adalat came back upset and said that they promise to accompany us from Khojavand and see off to Agdam. I said that it was a lie, you could not believe Armenian promise. Every fighter had kept one bullet for themselves. Everybody was ready to shoot himself dead. Then Alik came. He said that Armenians gave a word of man to see us off to Agdam. I saw that everybody agreed. Then I protested them not to believe Armenians words. I seized arms of a commander of policemen from Agdam, begged him to shoot me dead if we surrender, because I didn’t want to stay in Armenian captivity. He hesitated. I said to him “if you don`t want your mother stay in captivity as a son of honor, don`t hesitate, kill me”. I seized his hand, raised his automatic gun and pointed its barrel to my chest. His finger was at the trigger. When he wanted to pull, Imran, my husband came close and said: “My son, don`t shoot Hagigat in front of my eyes”. I cursed and insulted all of them. Took up my rifle and stood up. Getting ready to fight said that “we shall fight until the end”.
Finally, we had to get out one by one. When we got out, Armenian commanders ordered to drop the weapons down. Then I became sure that Armenians wouldn’t see us off to Agdam. I had got out with a rifle in my shoulder and a cartridge belt on my waist. I ignored angry glares of Armenians. Arastun, one of the fighters did not give up his weapon. He beat his weapon against a wall, broke and threw it away. He said he wouldn’t give an arm to an Armenian. Some of other youngs also did the same. Thus, 118 defenders of Garadagly were captured. Armenians made older, women and youngs get in different trucks. The cars started to move. Along the way, the militaries taking us were stopping the cars and shooting our young guys in front of eyes of Armenian people gathered to waysides. Arastun, Nabi, Nahid and Ibish accepted death with dignity. They were opening their chests, shouting “shoot scoundrels, let our blood be shed on the soil of Karabakh”, “You will be expelled like dogs from here”, and giving their lives.
Ilgar Aliyev, another witness, resident of Garadagly recounts: “Ilgar Huseynov, father`s name Gardashkhan, was born in 1958, in the village of Garadagly of Khojavand region. He was captured by Armenians during the defense of his village within the defense battalion of the village. He remembers the events as following:
“There were only 5 Azeri villages in Khojavand. One of them was Garadagly, among 41 Armenian villages, situated 13 km far from near Azeri village. All these villages had been occupied by November of 1991 and Garadagly had been blockaded. After Armenian occupation of Garadagly, they killed 33 residents of the village. After killings, they threw the corpses into the silos near a site called Baylik garden and buried there. Armenians were shooting the residents of the village dead, throwing still alive bodies into the silos. I and more than 100 people of Garadagly had been taken as hostages. We faced horrible tortures on the road. Armenians killed two residents of the village by crushing their heads with a sledge hammer. First, we were taken to the village of Lingin. Three of us were shot dead there, 12 in the village of Malibayli. In Malibayli they made everybody get out of the trucks and walk until Khankandi. We were facing insults of Armenians throughout the way. 8 residents of Garadagly died of hunger in the prison of Khankandi. I was in prison of Khankandi when Armenians occupied Khojali on February 26. On the same day, Armenians took more than one hundred people to the prison. Then I knew that they were residents of Khojali and this town had been occupied. Next day, they beheaded more than 60 people from Khojali in front of my eyes. There were women and children among them”.
Oruj Aliyev, a resident of Garadagly, remembers the events that he witnessed as following” “I was taken a prisoner on February 17. Half of my relatives were killed on the way. They forcefully pulled out my teeth in prison. I was being beaten and tortured by Armenians almost every day. On March 17, of the same year, I was exchanged by Allahverdi Bagirov`s assistance. The representatives of the International Red Cross Committee did not visit the hospital even once, until that day. Armenians were selling out internal organs of healthy Azeri hostages and prisoners. I was told of this by an Armenian whom I knew before”.
According to O. Aliyev, Robert Kocharyan, President of Armenia, led the operation of seizing Garadagly and murders which took place there. He said that he heard this when a patient of the hospital in Asgaran.
Information varies on casualties, wounded and captured people in the tragedy of Garadagly. One of them reports brutal killings of 54, taking hostage of 50, loss of head of 42 families, orphaned children 140, in general, fall in martyrs every resident from 10 of the village. Another one says martyrs 90, lost 6 and captured 9.
In our opinion, the difference is due to large scale of the tragedy, facts coming from verbal sources and absence of official investigation. Hence, there is an urgent need to an official investigation in this field. Following are the names and surnames of those who fell in martyrs, taken hostage, then brutally murdered with tortures and whose fate are unknown so far:

Martyrs of Garadagly – Tagiyev Bakir, Mammadov Tohid, Shirinov Iltifat, Shirinova Garagoz, Huseynova Sabiga, Huseynova Makhmar, Quliyev Aloglan, Quliyev Gunduz, Quliyeva Nazenim, Huseynova Rahila, Huseynova Rakhshanda, Huseynova Qanira, Huseynova Gulzanda, Babayeva Valida, Zeynalov Nobil, Huseynov Khanali, Hasanov Altay, Dadashov Manaf, Huseynov Asgar, Bayramov Rashid, Rustamova Zivar, Bayramov Arif, Dadashov Eldar, Huseynov Shahmurad, Huseynov Damir, Huseynov Fadail, Karimov Aligismat, Dolukhanov Rahim, Tagiyev Telman, Abbasov Salvar, Bayramov Elmidar, Kazimov Salim, Tagiyev Elsevar, Suleymanov Elchin, Azizov Iltifat

Brutally killed with tortures by Armenians while being kept as hostages – Huseynov Imran, Shirinov Boyukkishi, Tagiyev Kamil, Valdiyev Fazil, Quliyev Alaslan, Huseynov Shura, Nazarov Shura, Quliyev Kamal

Passed away in different dates after being released from custody, because of being tortured – Shirinov Familiat, Huseynov Zulumkhan, Quliyev Yusif, Amirkhanova Minaya, Huseynova Sitara, Hasanov Mahammad, Khalilov Vagif, Mammadov Shamil, Tagiyev Sardar, Tagiyev Avaz, Huseynova Mirvari, Tagiyeva Gullar, Babayev Gavanshir, Babayev Isa, Sadigova Mina

Whose fates are unknown – Aliyev Vatan, Akhundov Hafiz, Dadashov Mikayil, Huseynov Abulfat, Valiyev Fuzuli

The people of Garadagli, residing in diferent places of Azerbaijan as internally displaced people, wait with impatiance for a day of returning back to the holy lands where the souls of their ancestors rove. Economic growth of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the National Army increase their belief for victory.

The confidence of the people of Garadagly for victory is once more confirmed by Sevil Azizova, a mother of two martyrs: “Soon Garadagly, as well as other occupied lands will be cleared out from the enemy. Because, there is an Azerbaijani army, capable to do this. I know that this army fill the heart of the enemy with fear as follows”.

It is needed to enlarge researches and publish new books on the tragedy of Garadagli, one of the crimes perpetuated against local Azeris at the end of the 20th century, in Nagorno-Karabakh, an unseparable part of Azerbaijan. In our view, it will let reveal many facts and truths unknown to the public yet. These researches could help heros, who fought the enemy with bravery, as Telman Tagiyev, to become known. In our opinion, heroism displayed by Telman Tagiyev, as well as others, must be considered by the state, although it is late. It could play an important role in patriotism education of the young generation and restoration of the territorial integrity of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

DAĞLIQ QARABAĞDA ERMƏNİ TERRORU
QARADAĞLI FACİƏSI
17 fevral 1992-ci il

Müəllif: tarix elmləri namizədi Məhərrəm Zülfüqarlı